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  • Fungi reproduce by releasing spores that are [produced either sexually of asexually.
  • These sproes come in all shapes and sizes and are spread by wind and water.
  • When conditions are stable, fungi usually reproduce asexually to clone themselves rapidly.
  • When environmenal conditions are changing, fungi usually repoduce sexually to adapt to the changes.
  • A form fo sexual reproduction for fungi is called syngamy which is the sexual union of cells from two individuals.
    • Syngamy occurs in two stages; Plasmogamy and Karyogamy.
      • Plasmogamy is the fusion of the cytoplasm.
      • Karyogamy is the fusion of the nuclei.
    • Dikaryon is a process that occurs are plasmogamy when the 2 nuclei pair up but do not fuse yet.