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Gymnosperms, or “naked seed plants,” have ovules that are exposed during fertilization. Conifers are specific gymnosperms that have conical reproductive structures. Examples of conifers include pines, firs, redwoods, and other large trees. Almost all conifers stay green all year round, meaning they are “evergreens.” The needle shaped leaves of conifers is well adapted towards dry and arid climates. The stomata are found in pits and a think cuticle covers the leaf to minimize water loss. Conifers are the largest and oldest living organisms on Earth.